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Ibibazo by’ihindagurika ry’ikirere bikomeje guhangayikisha isi

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Nyuma y’irahira rya Perezida wa Leta zunze ubumwe z’Amerika Joe Biden ku wa gatatu, umunyamabanga mukuru w’umuryango w’abibumbye yavuze ko ategereje igihe cy’ubuyobozi bushya bugamije kwihutisha ibikorwa by’ikirere, Amerika ikaba isubiye mu masezerano y’ingenzi ya Paris.

Perezida Biden yashyize umukono ku cyemezo cy’ubuyobozi muri White House nyuma y’amasaha make arahiriye, kugira ngo ahindure ubuyobozi bw’ubuyobozi bwavuye mu masezerano ya 2015, bugamije kugabanya ubushyuhe bw’isi no kugabanya ibyuka bihumanya ikirere.

Ubutumwa bw’umuyobozi w’umuryango w’ababibumbye yageneye President Joe Biden kuri Tweeter

Mu ijambo rye, umuyobozi w’umuryango w’abibumbye yagize ati: “Nishimiye cyane intambwe Perezida Biden yongeyeho kugira ngo yongere kwinjira mu masezerano y’i Paris ku bijyanye n’imihindagurikire y’ikirere no kwinjira mu ihuriro rya guverinoma, imijyi, leta, ubucuruzi ndetse n’abantu bafata ingamba zikomeye zo guhangana n’ikibazo cy’ikirere”.

Amerika yari mu bihugu 194 byashyize umukono ku masezerano mu Kuboza 2015 ku butegetsi bwa Perezida, Barack Obama.

Nyuma yimyaka ibiri, ubuyobozi bwa Trump bwatangaje ko igihugu kizava muri ayo masezerano: icyemezo cyatangiye gukurikizwa mu Gushyingo gushize.

Igikoresho gishya cyo kwemeza amasezerano y’i Paris na Amerika, kigaragaza ko yemeye kugengwa n’aya masezerano, cyashyikirijwe umunyamabanga mukuru, nyuma y’umunsi.

Nk’uko umuvugizi w’umuryango w’abibumbye abitangaza ngo Amasezerano y’i Paris azatangira gukurikizwa muri Amerika ku ya 19 Gashyantare 2021, hakurikijwe ingingo ya 21 (3).

Amasezerano y’i Paris arasaba leta kwiyemeza kurushaho guhangana n’imihindagurikire y’ikirere binyuze muri gahunda zizwi nk’imisanzu yagenwe n’igihugu (NDCs).

Umunyamabanga mukuru yibukije ko ibihugu bitanga kimwe cya kabiri cy’umwanda wa kariboni ku isi byiyemeje kutabogama kwa karuboni, cyangwa imyuka ihumanya ikirere, nyuma y’inama yabaye mu kwezi gushize.

Ati: “Uyu munsi ibyo Perezida Biden yiyemeje bizana iyo mibare kuri bibiri bya gatatu. Ariko hari inzira ndende cyane yo kugenda ”.

Ati: “Ikibazo cy’ikirere gikomeje kwiyongera, kandi igihe kirarangiye kugira ngo ubushyuhe bugere kuri dogere selisiyusi 1.5 no kubaka imiryango myinshi irwanya ikirere ifasha mu kurinda abatishoboye.”

Umunyamabanga mukuru yashimangiye ko yiyemeje gukorana na Perezida mushya wa Leta zunze ubumwe z’Amerika hamwe n’abandi bayobozi ku isi kugira ngo bakemure ikibazo cy’ikirere no gukira COVID-19.

Umwaka ushize, Loni yahatiwe gusubika inama iheruka y’imihindagurikire y’ikirere ku isi izwi ku izina rya COP26, kubera icyorezo.

Iri tangazo ryagize riti: “Dutegereje ubuyobozi bwa Leta zunze ubumwe z’Amerika mu kwihutisha ingufu ku isi hose kuri net zeru, harimo no kuzana umusanzu mushya wiyemeje mu gihugu ufite intego 2030 ndetse n’imari y’ikirere mbere ya COP26 i Glasgow mu mpera zuyu mwaka”.

Mu ijambo rye ry’irahira, Perezida Biden yasobanuye neza ko gukemura ikibazo cy’ikirere kiri mu mwanya wa mbere, avuga ko “gutabaza kubaho bituruka ku mubumbe ubwawo”.

Abayobozi bakuru baturutse hirya no hino muri gahunda y’umuryango w’abibumbye bashimye ubuyobozi bushya i Washington.

Patricia Espinosa, umunyamabanga nshingwabikorwa w’amasezerano y’umuryango w’abibumbye y’imihindagurikire y’ikirere (UNFCCC), yishimiye cyane intambwe Perezida Biden yongeye kugira ngo yongere kwinjira mu masezerano y’i Paris “kandi yinjire mu ihuriro rikomeje kwiyongera rya guverinoma, imijyi, leta, ubucuruzi ndetse n’abantu bafata ingamba zikomeye zo guhangana ikibazo cy’ikirere. ”

 Ati: “Dutegereje ubuyobozi bwa Leta zunze ubumwe z’Amerika mu kwihutisha ingufu z’isi yose kuri net zero, harimo no kuzana umusanzu mushya w’igihugu (NDC) ufite intego 2030 n’ingengo y’imari y’ikirere mbere ya COP26 i Glasgow mu mpera zuyu mwaka.” yavuze, agaragaza ko yiyemeje gukorana bya hafi na Perezida Biden hamwe n’abandi bayobozi kugira ngo bahangane n’imihindagurikire y’ikirere, kandi bakire neza COVID19.

Muri ubwo buryo, Inger Andersen, ukuriye gahunda y’umuryango w’abibumbye ishinzwe ibidukikije (UNEP), yanditse ku rubuga rwa twitter ko ikigo cye gitegereje gukorana bya hafi na Perezida Biden na Visi-Perezida Kamala Harris mu rwego rwo gushimangira ibikorwa by’ikirere, “gukemura umubumbe uri mu bibazo, no kubaka a gusa n’icyatsi kibisi kuri bose. ”

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