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Sobanukirwa uko urukingo rwa COVID_19 rurinda uruhawe

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Mukwezi gushize, nyuma y’amezi umunani y’ubushakashatsi, inganda za Pfizer na BioNTech zashyize hanze urukingo rwa mbere ruzahangana n’agakoko ka SARS-CoV-2 gatera indwara ya COVID-19.

Nyuma y’igihe gito, uruganda rwa Moderna na rwo rwashyize hanze urundi rukingo, zombi zikaba zarahawe uburenganzira n’ikigo cya America Gishinzwe gusuzuma ubuziranenge bw’ibiribwa n’imiti (FDA) nyuma yo gusanga zifite ubushobozi bwo kurinda umuntu kwandura Coronavirus ku kigero cya 95%

Magingo aya, urukingo rwa Pfizer/BioNTech rwatangiye gutangwa mu bihugu birimo u Bwongereza na Leta Zunze Ubumwe za America cyo kimwe n’urwa Moderna.

Usibye izi nkingo zamaze kwemezwa, hari izindi nkingo nyinshi zikiri mu igeragezwa hirya no hino, mu bihugu birimo u Bushimwa, u Burusiya ndetse n’ibindi bitandukanye.

Izi nkingo zikora gute?

Imikorere y’inkingo za Moderna na Pfizer/BioNTech irihariye kuko yakoresshejwe ikoranabuhanga ridasanzwe rimenyerewe mu gukora inkingo zikoreshwa n’abantu.

Mu busanzwe, inkingo zakorwaga hifashishijwe agakoko(virus) k’indwara iri gukorerwa urukingo, ariko gafite ubukana bucye.

Kuri iyi nshuro, inkingo za Covid-19 ziratandukanye, kuko zidakoresha virus ziratandukanye, kuko zidakoresha virus y’indwara ishaka kuvurwa, ahubwo zizakoresha ubutumwa buvanwa muri iyo virus n’ubundi, bukinjizwa mu mubiri maze bugateka utunyangingo tw’umubiri(cells) kwiremera “Proteine zimeze nk’iza virus ya SARS Cov-2”, ari nayo itera Covid-19. Nyuma y’igihe gito, ubwirinzi bw’umubiri(antibodies) bubona ko za Proteine ziri mu mubiri zidakwiye kuba zirimo, maze bukazirwanya.

Muri uko kuzirwanya, bikangura umubiri ku buryo indi nshuro winjiriwe na ya virus wigeze kurwanya, uhita uyibuka ukongera ukayirwanya, bityo SARS Cov-2 ikaba idashobora kongera gutera umuntu wakingiwe.

Ni uwuhe mwihariko w’ubu buryo?

Iri koranabuhanga rishya rifite umwihariko ukomeye, kuko rifite ubushobozi bwo gufasha abahanga gukoresha igihe gito mu gihe bari gukora inkingo, bitandukanye n’uko byari bisanzwe.

Ubu buryo kandi bwitezweho kuzakoreshwa mu guhangana n’indwara zikomeye, zirimo nka kanseri kuko igira utunyangingo (cells) duhora twihinduranya, ku buryo urukingo rukozwe mu buryo bumwe rudafite icyo rwayitwara.

Iri koranabuhanga rizashoboza abahanga gukora urukingo rujyanye na buri mwihariko w’indwara, ndetse byemezwa ko mu myaka iri imbere, iri koranabuhanga ari na ryo rizakoreshwa mu gukora inkingo z’indwara zirimo na SIDA.

Iri koranabuhanga kandi rishobora kuzatuma mu gihe kiri imbere urukingo rushobora gukorwa mu mezi macye, ndetse yewe urukingo rumwe rukaba rushobora kuzajya rukingira indwara zirenze imwe.

Warwara Coronavirus wamaze guhabwa urukingo?

Birashoboka cyane ko umuntu ashobora kurwara Coronavirus mbere gato na nyuma gato yo guhabwa urukingo. Impamvu ni uko kugira ngo umubiri wubake ubudahangarwa bwuzuye bwo kwirinda agakoko bitwara iminsi, ku buryo iyo ako gakoko kinjiye mu mubiri utarubaka ubwigenge bwuzuye, gashobora gutera umuntu kurwara.

Ni yo mpamvu na nyuma yo gukingirwa Coronavirus abahanga batanga inama yo gukomeza kubahiriza amabwiriza yo kwirinda, kugira ngo bahe umubiri wabo umwanya ukeneye kugira wubake ubudahangarwa buzarwanya SARS CoV-2 burundu.

Urukingo rwa Coronavirus ruzagura amafaranga angahe?

Mu nkingo zemejwe, urwa Moderna rubikika byoroshye, kuko rushobora kubikwa muri frigo zisanzwe mu gihe cy’iminsi 30 kuri dogere -20C, gusa ni rwo ruhenze kuko rushobora kugura 33$ (hafi ibihumbi 32 Frw).

Kuri Moderna, hagati y’urukingo n’urundi, hazajya hacamo iminsi 28 mbere y’uko umuntu aterwa urundi. Uru rukingo rushobora kurinda umuntu kwandura Coronavirus ku kigero cya 95%.

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